“The whole is greater than the sum of its parts.” – Aristotle
In today’s healthcare environment, an overwhelming percentage of resources are spent on treating diseases and their associated manifestations. While treatment of disease is an essential part of wellness, there is far more to being healthy than simply not being sick. Instead of merely trying to eliminate illness, true wellness is the goal we are striving for—and can be achieved through a combination of positive life changes, education, and enlightenment, all of which can have a potentially powerful impact on both disease treatment and prevention.
With that in mind, my goal is to present you with the information that I have found to be the most successful and most practical over the past 25 years as well as to help guide you in determining which ones will work and which ones won’t work for you.
If you read the classic literature on pulmonary rehabilitation, you will find hundreds of articles stating that after participation in a pulmonary rehabilitation program, participants feel better, can do more, and are less short of breath. However, most of these same articles will also state that pulmonary rehabilitation does not improve pulmonary function, which can often be disappointing for people.
Even though we do not necessarily agree with these findings, what this tells us is that if you feel better, can do more, and are less short of breath, without any improvement in pulmonary function, there have to be other factors involved in how well or how poorly you breathe—things like fitness level, nutrition, and emotional state. This is great news because these are things that we actually have some control over.
In this chapter, we will set the stage for the next several months, years, and hopefully the rest of your life, by identifying the most important principles of Ultimate Pulmonary Wellness.
Let’s start with a few definitions:
Ultimate: The dictionary defines “ultimate” as consummate, maximum, most, or to the highest degree or quantity. Sounds impressive, right? I would also add “quality” to this description because I hear people say over and over again—and I also believe—that quality of life is equally if not more important than quantity. Our goal is not just for you to feel pretty good. Our goal is for you to feel amazing and to achieve the absolute maximal level of health, function, and quality of life possible.
Pulmonary: “Pulmonary” pertains to the lungs and the respiratory system. When I ask people to rate their understanding of their condition or even the basics of the respiratory system, most people report around a C+ grade level. I don’t know about you but if you’re living with a chronic pulmonary disease and you have only a C+ understanding of the respiratory system, I consider this a problem.
In an ideal world, when you receive a diagnosis like Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF), Pulmonary Hypertension (PH), or any other serious medical condition, it would be wonderful if you could spend an hour or two with your doctor, asking questions and taking notes about all the things that you will need to know.
However, in today’s fast-paced healthcare environment, doctors are often so busy that even the greatest, most caring physicians simply do not have the time to teach you everything that you need to know about your illness. That’s my other motivation for writing this book.
Wellness: Often, when we seek medical care, we are focused on the exact opposite of wellness. In fact, as a society, we spend far more resources battling sickness than promoting true wellness. Typically, when patients first report their symptoms to their doctor (shortness of breath, cough, or the inability to walk uphill), the first treatments will almost always be medication (or more likely, medications).
However, not enough thought is given to the other factors that come into play when it comes to breathing. Lifestyle choices can either make you feel better or worse depending on which ones you choose to do—or not do—things like exercise, eating a healthier diet, quitting smoking, taking steps to manage stress and anxiety, and prevention of infection.
Ultimate Pulmonary Wellness can be divided into five major categories, with each one accounting for approximately 20% of total pulmonary and overall health. Those 5 categories are Medical, Exercise, Nutrition, Management of Stress and Anxiety, and Prevention of Infection.
I will touch on these areas briefly in this chapter in order to give you an overview of the program and to highlight the role of each of these components in your health and wellbeing. Later in the book, there will be a chapter for each topic that goes into much greater detail and gives you specific guidelines and suggestions for each.
To me, good medicine means having the right doctor or doctors, taking the right medications and taking those medications properly. People ask me all the time “How do you know if you have the right doctor?” At the most basic level, you probably want a doctor who is smart, experienced, and compassionate. After that, most of us look for any variety of other qualities and character traits. What characteristics do you look for in a doctor? We will help you clarify some of your own physician “makes” or “breaks.”
When it comes to medications, taking the proper medicines is heavily dependent upon having the right doctor but getting the most benefit from your medicines also depends upon taking them at the right times and in the correct order, as well as using the delivery devices properly. We will discuss these topics in greater detail later in the book, as this is an area that I particularly hope to make crystal clear.
When we discussed shortness of breath, we talked about the fact that people often avoid activities that cause them shortness of breath. Consequently, all of the muscles that you use to do those activities get weaker and your body becomes less efficient at using oxygen. In addition to teaching you specific breathing exercises, I will guide you through the most beneficial exercises and help you put together a program that will be most effective and best suited for you.
When it comes to nutrition, in addition to eating a balanced and healthy diet, there are certain concepts that relate particularly to pulmonary disease. These include topics like mechanics of eating and breathing or being at your correct (healthy) weight. In addition, there are certain foods that will help you fight your disease and its associated symptoms, while others will make them worse.
Stress and Anxiety Management/Meditation (20%)
Anxiety and depression can have a devastating impact on someone living with a pulmonary disease. To make matters worse, living with a pulmonary disease can cause a tremendous amount of anxiety and depression. This is another cycle that we hope to break so that you can be less stressed and live a happier, healthier, more satisfying life.
Prevention of Infection (20%)
The final piece of the puzzle is prevention of infection. To be clear, a cold or infection for someone with a respiratory disease can be far more serious than for someone who is otherwise healthy. Plus, people with lung disease often don’t get a little infection. They get big infections and their infections often go right to the chest.
Because the respiratory system is your weak link, it is crucial that you implement some type of prevention strategy. This effort will be well worth your while, as it is often easier to prevent an infection than to treat one once you’ve got it. I will give you a number of tools and suggestions to help you in your fight against infection.
Everything Else (10–100%)
Since we believe in giving 110%, there is an additional 10% left over for a category I like to call “everything else.” What I mean by “everything else” is that even if you do everything right including the “big five” of pulmonary wellness, there will always be factors outside of our control. Being superstitious by nature, I don’t want to name any of them here but take a deep breath, keep living your life, and expect the unexpected.
How to Use This Book
Now, let’s take each of these “big five” one at a time and expand upon them in a way that will give you a very clear and comprehensive understanding of what factors will help you live a better life and which ones might make your life more difficult. This book is organized so you can go chapter by chapter or you can choose to skip around. So, please, make yourself comfortable and feel free to use the information in whatever fashion makes the most sense to you.
This free online publication was made possible by the Nora and Roger Gimbel Foundation.
If you have found this information helpful and would like to help support the Pulmonary Wellness Society in their mission to provide free educational and rehabilitation opportunities for those living with pulmonary disease, please consider making a tax-deductible donation to the Pulmonary Wellness Society. No amount is too large or too small and every little bit helps.
The Pulmonary Wellness Research & Education Society is a 501(c)(3) Non-Profit Organization. The Society’s mission to support the research efforts and free educational programs of Dr. Noah Greenspan and the Pulmonary Wellness & Rehabilitation Center. The Society also provides Pulmonary Wellness & Rehabilitation scholarships to individuals based upon medical, financial or other need.